What is Bladder Cancer ?
Bladder cancer refers to any of several types of malignant vagina growths of the urinary bladder. It is a disease in which abnormal cells multiply without control in the bladder. The bladder is a hollow, muscular organ that stores urine; it is located in the lower abdomen. The most common type of bladder cancer begins in cells lining the inside of the bladder (epithelial cells) and is called transitional cell carcinoma (TCC).
Causes of Bladder Cancer
Cancer-causing agents (carcinogens) in the urine may lead to the development of bladder cancer. Cigarette smoking contributes to more than 50% of cases, and smoking cigars or pipes also increases the risk. Some other causes includes:
Signs & Symptoms of Bladder Cancer
Bladder cancer may cause blood in the urine, pain during urination, frequent urination, or feeling the need to urinate without results. These signs and symptoms are not specific to bladder cancer, and are also caused by noncancerous conditions, including prostate infections and cystitis.
Diagnosis of bladder cancer includes urological tests and imaging tests. Tests may include the following:
The cancer's stage, the patient's lifestyle, other health problems, and mental outlook all help to determine which therapy is selected. Surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or one of several new treatments may be used.
While there is no known way to prevent bladder cancer, you can reduce your chances of developing the disease. The American Cancer Society offers the following recommendations:
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