What is Breast Cancer ?
Along with lung cancer, breast cancer is a leading killer of women ages 35 to 54. Breast cancer strikes about 10% of all women. The disease seldom occurs in men. Although breast cancer may develop any time after puberty, it's most common after age 50.
Early detection and treatment influences the prognosis considerably. The most reliable breast cancer detection method is regular breast self-examination, followed by immediate professional evaluation of any abnormality. With adjunctive therapy, 70% to 75% of women with negative nodes survive 10 years or more, compared to 20% to 25% of women with positive nodes.
Causes of Breast Cancer
The cause of breast cancer is unknown, but certain factors increase the odds of the disease. A woman is more susceptible if:
Signs & Symptoms of Breast Cancer
The most common sign of breast cancer is a lump or mass in the breast. Any change in breast tissue should be reported to a physician or other health care practitioner. Other symptoms include the following:
The choice of treatment usually depends on the stage and type of disease, woman's age and menopausal status, and disfiguring effects of surgery. Therapy may mclude any combination of surgery, radiation, chemomerapy, and hormone therapy.
Surgery: Depending on the stage of your breast cancer, you may need surgery to remove the lump, a part of the breast, or the entire breast. You may also need to have some lymph nodes taken out to help prevent the cancer from spreading to other parts of your body.
Chemotherapy commonly relies on a combination of drugs, such as cyclophosphamide, fluorouracil, methotrexate, doxorubicin, vincristine, paclitaxel. and prednisone.
Hormonal therapy lowers levels of estrogen and other hormones suspected of nourishing breast cancer cells. The success of these therapies provides growing evidence that breast cancer is systemic, not local, and has led to decline in ablation surgery.
Biological Therapy - Biological therapy (also called immunotherapy) involves using trastuzumab (Herceptin®) to inhibit tumor growth and enhance the immune system's ability to fight cancer. It also may be combined with chemotherapy as a first line treatment for metastatic breast cancer and may be used after chemotherapy or anti-estrogen therapy to improve the effectiveness of the treatment. When this treatment used alone or in combination it may have side effects.
Following are some suggestions to reduce your risk:
(c)Copyright Family-health-information.com All rights reserved
Disclaimer :- The content in this web site are in no way intended to replace the professional medical care, advice, diagnosis or treatment of a doctor. The web site is build for information and educational purpose only. If you are ill from any disease or notice medical symptoms, you should consult your doctor. We will not be liable for any complications or other medical accidents arising from or in connection with the use of or reliance upon any information in this web site.