What is Uterine Cancer ?
Uterine cancer (cancer of the endometrium) is the most common gynecologic cancer. It typically afflicts postmenopausal women between ages 50 and 60. It's uncommon between ages 30 and 40 and rare before age 30. Most premenopausal women who develop uterine cancer have a history of anovulatory menstrual cycles or other hormonal imbalance. About 33,000 new cases of uterine cancer are reported annually; of these, roughly 5,500 are fatal.
Causes of Uterine Cancer
Uterine cancer appears linked to several predisposing factors:
Signs & Symptoms of Uterine Cancer
According to the National Cancer Institute, abnormal bleeding after menopause is the most common symptom of cancer of the uterus. Other symptoms, according to the National Cancer Institute, may include:
Cancer of the uterus often does not occur before menopause. It usually occurs around the time menopause begins. The occasional reappearance of bleeding should not be considered simply part of menopause. It should always be checked by a physician.
The tests used to diagnose cancer of the uterus include:
Specific treatment for uterine cancer will be determined by your physician based on:
Methods of treatment may include:
All women should have regular pelvic exams and Pap smears beginning at the onset of sexual activity (or at the age of 20 if not sexually active) to help detect signs of any abnormal development.
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